Sunday, 6 January 2013

Information About Animals

Information About Animals Detail
A large number of farmers in India depend on animal husbandry for their livelihood. In addition to supplying milk, meat, eggs,wool and hides, animals, mainly bullocks, are the major source of power for both farmers and drayers. Thus, animal husbandry plays an important role in the rural economy. The gross value of output from this sector was   358 billion (US$6.5 billion) in FY 1989, an amount that constituted about 25 percent of the total agricultural output of 1.4 trillion (US$25.5 billion).[1]
Operation Flood, the world's largest integrated dairy development program, attempted to establish linkages between rural milk producers and urban consumers by organizing farmer-owned and -managed dairy cooperative societies. In the early 1990s, the program was in its third phase and was receiving financial assistance from the World Bank and commodity assistance from the European Economic Community. At that time, India had more than 64,000 dairy cooperative societies, with close to 7.7 million members. These cooperatives established a daily processing capacity of 15.5 million liters of whole milk and 727 tons of milk powder.[8]
Today, India has the world's largest dairy herd (composed of cows and buffaloes), at over 304 million strong,[3] and stands first in milk production, with 112.5 million tonnes of milk produced in 2009-2010.[3] India is also the third largest egg-producer in the world, at over 180 million eggs being produced every day or 65.7 billion eggs for the year 2011-12,[4] and the world’s sixth largest producer of poultry meat.[5] While the majority of India’s animal products are consumed domestically, exports are growing. India is the top global exporter of buffalo meat, and is also the fourth largest exporter of soybean meal, an important ingredient in commercial feed for farmed animals.[5] In addition, India’s leading poultry producers, including Suguna, Venky’s, and the Amrit Group, are increasing sales to countries in other parts of Asia and the Middle East. International investment is also expanding.[6] In 2008, U.S.-based Tyson Foods acquired a 51 percent stake in Godrej, an Indian conglomerate that is a major producer of animal feeds and poultry, and the International Finance Corporation (IFC) has an equity stake in Suguna.[5] An estimated 200 million egg-laying hens are kept in battery cages, and more than half of the 2-billion-plus “meat” chickens produced each year are factory-farmed. Vertical integration and contract farming for poultry and eggs is also widespread. While the milk and cheese sectors still include many small-scale producers and cows and buffaloes in extensive systems the number of large, factory-style dairy operations is increasing.[7]
Information About Animals 
Information About Animals 
Information About Animals 
Information About Animals 
Information About Animals 
Information About Animals 
Information About Animals 
Information About Animals 
Information About Animals 
Information About Animals
Information About Animals 
Information About Animals 

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